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Wine Education

Grape Varietals

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It's hard to talk about Cabernet Sauvignon without bringing up the subject of tannins—those astringent compounds that come from oak barrels and the seeds, skins, and stems of grapes. That's because tannins are a prominent part of this wine.

Flavors and aromas: Cabernet used to be considered a wine you had to cellar for years to allow those tannins to mellow. Today, however, modern winemakers have been able to rein in the grape's rough tannins, highlighting its cassis and black-cherry fruit in a style that is attractive even when young. Higher-end examples ($15 and up) are also apt to feature notes of cassis, mint, and/or bell pepper, as well as a firmer texture (from the thick, tannin-rich skins) and vanilla aromas from aging in oak barrels before bottling. Typically fuller-bodied than other red varietals at any given price point, Cabernets appeal to sippers who like a bolder wine.

Color: Ranges from dark red to purplish red.


Prominent plantings: Bordeaux, France, and Napa Valley, California are both hailed for their world-renown Cabs, though good Cabs are emerging from many vineyards worldwide.

Pairing with food: Look for examples under $12 to be fairly smooth, but with the flavor concentration to stand up to heartier foods. Grilled or broiled steak is a classic Cab companion; the wine's chewy texture is balanced by the meat's marbled fat. Full-flavored cheeses, sausages, and stews also dovetail nicely with hearty Cabs. Lighter examples are fine with anything from burgers to burritos.

Insider tip: Style-wise, Cabernets can swing from simply fruity quaffs to rich, tannic, complex collectibles. If you find a style you like and want to explore, start with other labels from the same region before moving up in price or around the map.

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